KS1 Focus of Teaching

Key Stage 1


Speaking and Listening:

Language acquisition continues to be a vital element of English teaching in Key Stage 1. Clear, well-modelled key vocabulary continues to play a vital role and the use of my turn, your turn continues. The expectation from this is that children will recall and correctly use the language in discussion and ultimately in their writing. The introduction of hold a sentence utilises key listening skills, which then leads onto further English skills being used.



In Years 1 and 2 daily phonics is taught following the Read Write Inc programme. The Read Write Inc books are introduced and by Year 2, the focus becomes more on using phonics to spell and compose sentences.



Across Key Stage 1, children are immersed in a range of genres and authors. In addition to studying a wide range of texts in English lessons and through topic, children also get many opportunities to continue that love of reading for pleasure.

Children in Key Stage 1 continue to read in small guided reading groups daily with many children also getting additional 1:1 reading. Pupils are provided with opportunities to read often in order to increase their reading fluency and the progression of comprehension skills is taught within guided and whole class lessons. The introduction of cloze procedures, more complex jumbled sentences, vocabulary clarification and prediction activities develops efficient, confident readers.



All writing is linked to what the children have read. The in-depth study of stories and texts provides a model for children to write independently. Talk 4 Writing is used regularly across a range of fiction and non-fiction writing. The focus in writing composition in Years 1 and 2 is on the generation of ideas, planning and using a plan to structure their writing with an increasing independence by the end of the phase. The mechanics of writing – technical skills needed for each genre, are taught within the unit of work with discrete SPaG sessions increasing as children move through Year 2. All children are introduced to the correct use of conjunctions to join sentences.

Children continue to use cursive handwriting and writing conventions such as finger spaces, capital letters and full stops. In Year 2, comma use is introduced and children begin to explore using commas in their own independent writing.



Across this phase, children continue to learn how to spell from the word walls. Phonetically plausible spelling is encouraged from all children with an increased amount spelt correctly by the end of Year 2.

In addition to this, Year 1 children are taught to add ing, ed, er and est to a root word and s or es as a plural marker.

This progresses on in Year 2, children are taught to spell words with contracted forms, use of the possessive apostrophe and add suffixes (-ment/-ness/-ful/-less/-ly) to words.